Furniture can be a product of design and is considered a form of decorative art. In addition to furniture’s functional role, it can serve a symbolic or religious purpose Wall coverings maybe purely decorative, in which case, ability to bring colour, pattern, texture, light or shade to the room maybe of the greatest importance.
On the other hand the covering maybe required to give an easily cleaned and hygienic surface. Floor is important aspect of interior decoration. Floors are both functional and decorative and play an important part in the cleaning and maintenance program of any hotel. They cover a large area and are subjected to a great deal of wear and tear.
The word textile is derived from the Latin term ―texture‖ for woven fabrics. Thus by textiles we understand those objects which have been prepared by weaving. Textile has an important bearing on our daily lives and everyone needs to know about textiles as we use them in some way or the other.
Yarns are produced by twisting or spinning of the textile fibres and in turn fabric is a structure produced by interlacing or interloping of the yarns. There are certain terms which are used very often in the study of textiles that are to be understood first.
A “fibre” are product capable of being woven or otherwise made into fabric. These fibres are of many types. Soft furnishing are piece of items that are both necessary for comfort and convenience as well as decorative, providing colour, pattern and texture to the room.
Soft furnishings include fibres that are used for curtains, loose covers, cushions, bedspreads and quilts. Some articles in addition provide warmth and comfort. Each article is subjected to variable amount of wear and tear.
Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating and sleeping. Furniture is also used to hold objects at a convenient height for work as horizontal surfaces above the ground, such as tables and desks, or to stores things.
Furniture can be a product of design and is considered a form of decorative art. In addition to furniture’s functional role, it can serve a symbolic or religious purpose. It can be made from many materials, including metal, plastic, and wood. Furniture can be made using a variety of woodworking joints which often reflect the local culture.
Selection of Furniture
Following points should be considered while selecting furniture:
- Aesthetic Appeal
- Multiple uses
- Saving space
Comfort: office furniture should be comfortable. Comfortable furniture will result in increased efficiency of the employees
Aesthetic Appeal: Purchase furniture that complements the existing décor with the color scheme. It should enhance the overall appearance of your interiors. A good design elevates the mood of both employees and guest and keeps their stress levels low.
Design: design of furniture relates with height and width, color, number of drawers, and so on. No matter what, furniture should support the space and must facilitate the works done.
Cost: cost of furniture is a very important factor to be considered before selecting any machine. The furniture should be within the budget of an office
Durability: office furniture should be made up of steel rather than wood because steel furniture is compatible and lost lasting. Office furniture can be expensive and it is not possible to purchase new furniture every year because it doesn‘t even support the space. Therefore, the furniture to be purchased must be free from problem of breakage.
Multiple uses: furniture should be usable for numerous purposes in the office.
Safety: office furniture should be safe. Glass topped and sharp cornered furniture are relatively unsafe.
Saving space: choice of furniture also depends upon the space occupied by furniture. Such furniture should be selected which would occupy minimum office space. Bulky and space occupying furniture indirectly add office cost.
Portability: the furniture being portable can be easily shifted from one room to another, one building to another and form one location to another.
Types of furniture
There are primarily four types of furniture fond I hotel guest room based on way they are placed.
Free-standing furniture: The furniture that can be rearranged whenever necessary but the disadvantage is that they accumulate dust behind, above and beneath them. E.g. chairs, tables, beds etc.
Cantilevered furniture: These types of furniture‘s fitted to the wall on brackets so there is no legs.
Built-in furniture: The piece of furniture is fitted ad fixed into architectural space. Usually their cost is incorporated into the building cost. Since built in furniture has no gap behind, above or below so cleaning is minimized. However, the disadvantage is that once built in the particular piece of furniture cannot be moved, thus reducing its flexibility.
Fitted furniture: Though the terms built-in and fitted are often used interchangeable. Fitted furniture is made to fit into existing alcoves, thereby saving space. The room appears more spacious and streamline when fitted furniture.
Based on other characteristics, furniture may also be categorized as follows:
Antique furniture: It includes pieces from an earlier period. It is often crafted out of wood and its age, condition, unique features and rarity determine how collectible the piece is and therefore, how high its value. Genuine antiques are, by definition, at least 100 years old considered an antique.
Upholstery: Upholstery with fabrics and its techniques had been mastered by the end of the 17th century, by borrowing splendid material and lavish trimmings. Initially these were detachable loose covers, which were later converted to fixed upholstery. These wrappings were supposed to be removed when the furniture was used. Tapestries, furniture and carpets beside silk damasks and velvets were mostly produced in France and Italy.
Modular furniture: These types of furniture are based on standardise measurement or module, so that different pieces can be joint together with verity of ways. One of the major benefits of modular furniture is, it can be resembled and dismantled whenever required in short period of time.
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